The children’s naughtiness is a very popular theme. It is normal and natural. This behavior manifests itself in different places – at home, in kindergarten, in school. However, when a dangerous situation appears, it behooves parents to consult a specialist. “It is normal that a child is naughty, but it must be able to comply with the rules. For example, if the boy came into medical examination and sit quietly in a chair, but almost lying down with wobbly legs, then we arejust talking about bad manners and non-compliance with authorities, without any hyperactivity, “. Let’s clarify the difference between naughty and hyperactive child.
“When a child goes to kindergarten or to school, he or she must comply with the basic rules. Failure to follow these rules is a signal that you should seek help. These include even the inability to comply with the rules of the game, listlessness to the teacher, etc., especially if the child is now in first grade, “.
As a rule, the symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is noticed by the child’s environment in pre-school age, when he or she is 4 years old.
Key signs of hyperactive child
Hyperactive child exhibits inappropriate and excessive activity. Usually those children are annoying and intrusive. It is difficult for them to concentrate, leading to poor performance in school. Carelessness in their games and their desire to do something else makes them unpopular with the other children. They present bad in activities that they find boring, difficult, and repetitive or which do not bring them satisfaction. Very often exacerbating attention. Hardly suppress theirimpulses in social situations and cognitive tasks. Interrupt others. Give an answer before they heard the whole question. Perform dangerous activities without putting any thought for the consequences. Difficulties in participating in the joint action. Difficult to make friends, especially for a longer period of time. Experiencing learning difficulties. Their achievements are under intellectual potential because of inattention, inability to organize, difficulties with fine and gross motor movements, low motivation. Usually the hyperactive child has low self-esteem because he or she is rejected by the peers, teachers and even parents.
9 symptoms of lack of attention:
1. The child often does not pay attention to details or make mistakes.
2. It is difficult to hold his/her attention in tasks or play activities.
3. It seems like he does not hear what you are saying to him when you are speaking directly to him.
4. Often does not follow instructions and fails to finish work and obligations.
5. It is difficult to organize in the implementation of tasks and activities.
6. Often avoids, dislikes, or reluctant to engage in tasks that require mental effort.
7. Often loses belongings.
8. Often distracted by minor side incentives.
9. Often forgotten in daily activities.
9 symptoms of hyperactivity / impulsivity/ hyperactive child:
• Frequently wiggle, “not restless” in the chair.
• Often stands up from his place in class.
• Runs back and forth or climbs in inappropriate situations.
• It is difficult to be quiet or to engage in activities.
• The hyperactive child is often in motion, as if driven by a motor.
• The hyperactive child frequently talks too much.
• Hurries to answer before hearing the whole question.
• For the hyperactive child it’s hard waiting for his turn.
• Interrupts others or interfere with the conversation or games.
For diagnosis it is necessary the child to have six symptoms for at least six months in different environments (eg. Home and at school) and the symptoms have been present before the age of 7! Not every naughtiness means hyperactivity!