The very word “colonial” is derived from the Latin word «Colonus» – columns. Therefore, it usually called Roman settlers and tenants of land on the outskirts of the empire, in the province. Colonial style in the interior began in the era of maritime expeditions, discovery and conquest of new lands, when Britain, France, Holland, Spain expanded their holdings by the addition of new territories. For this epoch is characterized by the interpenetration of cultures, the Europeans brought to the “native” territory and its culture borrowed from the local population, some particular way of life, the device housing and interior decoration. The colonialists built in the conquered territories with the new cities of the European architecture, Catholic churches, ship ports, and Fortress. On the other hand, the native way of life, at first are perceived by Europeans as an exotic, was largely justified because of the climatic characteristics of the conquered territories. In addition, because the areas had to manage in the new countries were European settlement, a life that was a mixture of conventional European rules and local traditions. First of all this confusion was manifested in the architecture of residential buildings and their interiors. Around the same time it has become fashionable in Europe have in exotic items brought from tropical countries. Significant contribution to the popularization of the colonial style introduced in the Victorian era England, when the colony gave her enormous profits, and service in the colonial possessions became more prestigious and lucrative business for young Englishmen. For many years the colonists were settled in the colonies with their families.They became accustomed to the local exotic, finding it convenient to live in hot, dry climate, so unlike the foggy climate of their homeland. In most metropolitan at this time in a fashion more and more was part of colonial exoticism. There are even built in a “colonial” spirit. Residential interiors are filled rapidly transported from overseas subjects. As a result, the fashion for exotic colonial British did the interiors of eclectic.
Carved Indian furniture could they coexist with inlaid Moroccan, and Japanese screens with African masks. The eclecticism of the interior of a traditional English house is a well-known fact. However, things, getting on for decades with each other, have created a new harmony, formed a new style – the style of “English cottage”. In our time, the colonial style in the interior is again becoming popular. In a fashion eclectic and creative combination of sometimes-disparate subjects, can resulted in creating original and highly decorative design of living space. In addition, today the colonial decor elements are combined with modern materials and technology. First, the traditional colonial style is typical oriented in the living room around the layout. Saturated air space is divided into zones conditionally, with different levels of baking and ceiling, wicker screens, sliding doors, screens, fabric or columns. Finishing terse: white walls, the texture resembles that of a rough plaster, cracked or covered with clay, white washed stone. The floor can be paved with ceramic tiles or natural stone or whitewashed covered, as if bleached by the sun tops. When you create a colonial interior, use natural materials – wood, clay, bronze, leather and ceramics. The color scheme must also comply with natural shades: ocher, gold and terra cotta color of old wood and olive. Furniture usually has a simple, uncluttered form. It can be made of treated wood by hand, darkened and cracked from time to time, or woven from rattan, bamboo and cane. A lot of wicker furnishings – this is another feature of the colonial style. Even in the finishing of wooden furniture used skillfully woven insert. Nevertheless, as a tribute to the European desire for comfort has wicker furniture cushions with removable covers. Their tight-fitting fabric is usually the color of natural unbleached fabrics come with a large floral pattern. Sex is usually covered with carpets woven from plant fibers, mats. The windows of the bright lights blind bamboo blinds. To escape from the scorching sun in tropical climates are used shutters, in our case can be made of imitation.
Since the twist in any display – an integral part of this style, you can use thin wooden lattice, or any woven fabric, which are made on the edge of a wooden frame. Then, the frame can be hung on the window to close it the battery, do a few frames of the screen, or hang on a string to the ceiling, get a mobile barrier. Slipping between two wooden frames a translucent fabric, it can be portable screens, which will close the window or share the living space into zones. By creating a colonial interior, straight thinking about another part of it cooked – tropical plants such as palms or bananas. Place them better in containers made of as traditional for this style of terracotta. Stylish accessories in the interiors of these are chests, wicker and leather suitcases, travel crates and suitcases. They seemed to embody the “nomadic” life of their old masters – the first European settlers. In more recent times, having lost the “transport” functions, they have become a convenient and decorative storage items. Spirit of the times and new technologies and materials can modify somewhat the traditional colonial interiors. Wicker rattan furniture can now be finished in white lacquer, making it visually lighter and more graceful. In the silhouettes of the furniture is dominated by geometric shapes, there were wooden frames and armrests – the furniture has become more European. Bamboo blinds are also gone, replaced by their lightweight and hygienic plastic. Still such interiors are easily recognizable: they are filled with light, air, natural light in them, woven carpets, tubs of palms at the corners. . The popularity of this style is due to its cosy, eco-friendly and very comfortable for life.